Cognitive and Positive Psychology
In psychotherapy and personality development cognitive approach emphasizes the role of the mental processes by which a person obtains, organizes, stores, and uses the knowledge of themselves and the surrounding reality. What and how we think, what we believe in, what we pay attention to has a significant impact on our well-being and health. Expanding the way we think about ourselves, others, the world, getting to know the deep unconscious beliefs and daily thoughts, developing different abilities (e.g. by developing the ability to control their attention) helps us to better deal with problems and stress, regulate our emotions and behaviour and build better relationships .
This is an approach which in psychology began to develop in the 50’s of the nineteenth century. In the centre of this trend stands the phenomenon that serve good life, well-being, mental health and self-realization. In contrast to clinical psychology focused on irregularities and psychiatric disorders, positive psychology focuses on what is constructive. Explores this phenomena which serve good life, mental health, building good relationships, a sense of happiness and satisfaction. In psychotherapy and personal development positive psychology emphasizes here the role of the potential of the individual, the value on which one can rely on and its resources (personal, intellectual, interpersonal, social, material, etc.).